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Welcome to the Colorado Scientific Society

The oldest scientific society in the Rocky Mountain region

Founded in 1882, the Colorado Scientific Society promotes knowledge, the understanding of science, and its application to human needs, focusing primarily on earth science, but welcoming members with interests in all fields of science.  Learn more.

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Join Colorado Scientific Society at the March for Science in Denver

Saturday, April 22, 2017


Colorado Scientific Society Past Presidents Dinner, Wednesday, May 10, 2017

Reenactment: Manya, a Visit with Marie Curie

at the Mount Vernon Country Club


May Meeting (Emmons Lecture), Thursday, May 18, 2017

Too Warm, Two Poles: How Past Interglacials Should Inform Future Coastal Policy

Julie Brigham-Grette, University of Massachusetts- Amherst

Held at the American Mountaineering Center in Golden


April Meeting – Thursday, April 20, 2017

Simple, Serious, and Solvable: The Three S’s of Climate Change

Scott Denning, Atmospheric Sciences, Colorado State University

Synopsis: Simple, Serious, and Solvable: The Three S’s of Climate Change
Climate Change is Simple. Heat in minus heat out equals change of heat. When Earth absorbs more heat than it emits, the climate warms. There is no doubt that adding CO2 reduces Earth’s heat emission and therefore causes global warming.
Climate Change is Serious. In addition to more drought, a warmer climate will include heavier rainfall during extreme events. Warmer ice sheets release more water the oceans, which also expand as they get warmer. These two influences raise sea levels, threatening coastlines everywhere. Without strong policy, these impacts will become more and more severe, almost without bound.
Climate Change is Solvable. Preventing catastrophic climate change will require abundant and affordable energy to be made available to people everywhere without emitting any CO2 to the atmosphere. This will require both the development of energy efficient infrastructure and very rapid deployment of non-fossil fuel energy systems, especially in the developing world.

Abstract: Simple, Serious, and Solvable: The Three S’s of Climate Change

Climate Change is Simple. Heat in minus heat out equals change of heat. When Earth absorbs more heat than it emits, the climate warms. When it emits more than it absorbs, the climate cools. This simple principal explains why day is warmer than night, summer is warmer than winter, and Miami is warmer than Minneapolis. It also explains why adding CO2 to the air causes global warming. The absorption of thermal infrared radiation by CO2 was first measured 150 years ago, has since been confirmed thousands of times by labs all over the world, and is extremely well understood. There is no doubt at all that adding CO2 reduces Earth’s heat emission and therefore causes global warming.

Climate Change is Serious. Warmer average temperatures are associated with dramatic increases in the frequency of extremely hot weather. Warmer air evaporates more water from soils and vegetation, so even if precipitation doesn’t change the demand for water will increase with warmer temperatures. Adding water vapor to the air also means there is more water available for heavy rains when the right conditions occur: this means that in addition to more drought, a warmer climate will include heavier rainfall during extreme events. Warmer ice sheets release more water the oceans, which also expand as they get warmer. These two influences raise sea levels, threatening coastlines everywhere. Higher seas imply much more frequent coastal flooding, requiring abandonment long before mean sea level reaches coastal infrastructure. Without strong policy, these impacts will become more and more severe almost without bound, growing to become the most serious problems in the world and lasting for many centuries after fossil fuels are abandoned. The consequences of unchecked climate change to the global economy are unacceptable.

Climate Change is Solvable. Preventing catastrophic climate change will require abundant and affordable energy to be made available to people everywhere without emitting any CO2 to the atmosphere. This will require both the development of energy efficient infrastructure and very rapid deployment of non-fossil fuel energy systems, especially in the developing world. From an engineering perspective, both objectives are eminently feasible with mature technologies. Economically, the clean energy transition will be expensive, involving roughly 1% of the global economy. This cost is comparable to previous development achievements such as indoor plumbing, rural electrification, the global internet, and mobile telecommunications. Our descendants will better lives by developing and improving their infrastructure just as our ancestors did.

Scott Denning, Professor of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, March 28, 2011

Speaker Biography: Professor Scott Denning received his B.A. in Geological Sciences from the University of Maine in 1984, and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Atmospheric Science from Colorado State University in 1993 and 1994. He studied radiometric geochronology, surface water geochemistry, and mountain hydrology before becoming interested in global climate and biogeochemical dynamics. After a two-year postdoctoral appointment modeling global sources and sinks of atmospheric CO2, he spent two years as an Assistant Professor in the Donald Bren School of Environmental Science and Management at the University of California at Santa Barbara. He joined the Atmospheric Science faculty at Colorado State University in 1998, and has served as Director of Education for the Center for Multiscale Modeling of Atmospheric Processes (CMMAP) since 2006. He does a lot of outreach about climate change, and takes special delight in engaging hostile audiences.


Shepherd of the Hills Presbyterian Church, 11500 W. 20th Ave., Lakewood CO
Social time beginning at 6:30; meeting & program at 7:00
Map for Shepherd of the Hills


Future Colorado Scientific Society Meetings

Abstracts of past Colo. Scientific Society meetings

Read the April 2017 newsletter.


The Colorado Scientific Society was founded in 1882 as a forum for the exchange of observations and ideas on the topics of earth science. Our lecture series occurs on the third Thursday of each month, from September through May. Lecture topics largely focus on earth science, and are open to the public. In addition to our monthly lecture series, the society is also active in public service. We fund student research grants, construct and post signs that describe local geologic features, and organize and lead several field trips.